Geology and Landscape

Mary Anning (1799-1847)

Known throughout history as ‘the fossil hunter’ Mary Anning was fascinated with pre-historic life. A British born palaeontologist, she collected and dealt in fossils, and became a global star in her field, thanks to several finds she made right on her doorstep.

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James Hutton (1726-1797)

Although James Hutton took two very different paths in his early career, short spells in law and medicine were eventually succeeded by an interest in chemistry. His earliest discovery centred round the inexpensive manufacturing of the mineral sal ammoniac, and after prospering in this area, Hutton settled into a life of science.

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Inge Lehmann (1888-1993)

Much like some students today, Inge Lehmann did not carve out a career in the same field as her university education. Danish born, she soon left behind studies in mathematics, and a job in the insurance industry to take a position as an assistant to a Geodesist, someone who studies the earth sciences.

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Friedrich Mohs (1773-1839)

The Natural History Museum states that there are currently 4,000 known mineral species in the world, with more being recorded and identified each year.  The discovery of mineral species, and research into how they help us understand some of the natural environment’s processes, is something that Friedrich Mohs became famous for.

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Eratosthenes was a Greek scholar, who lived in the 3rd century BC, renowned for his love of learning. Born in the Libyan city of Cyrene, which was once part of the Greek Empire, he received the equivalent of a university education when he was a teenager.

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Alfred Wegener (1880-1930)

Alfred Wegener was a German born geologist, whose work involved geophysics and meteorology. Wegener’s studies at university included physics, astronomy, and meteorology, and he also gained a PhD in Astronomy. After university Wegener’s work focussed more on meteorology and climatology.

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